醫用英語

  
1 批價/掛號4 病房對話 7 醫生診療10 放射線科13 內科門診 16 小兒科 19 骨科 
2 服務檯/總機5 藥局對話8 急診對話11 健檢14 外科門診 17 皮膚科  
3 門診對話6 檢驗對話9 復健部門12 手術室15 婦產科18 牙科科  

 14 外科門診對話

   【狀況一】Situation 1

Be careful with your wound. Keep it dry for a week.
你的傷口要小心,一個星期內都不要碰到水哦!
Is there anything else I have to watch out for? 
那我還有什麼其他要注意的事嗎? 

Don’t carry anything heavy for the next three months. That will affect the wound’s healing. If the wound gets red, swells, feels very hot or painful, or is secreting pus, please come back to the hospital immediately.

三個月內不要提重物,以免影響傷口癒合;傷口若有紅、腫、熱、痛、排膿,請立即返院處理。

If the skin around the wound is itchy, don’t scratch it, as it can infect the wound. You can pat on the wound instead.

傷口周圍皮膚癢,切勿用手抓癢,改以輕拍方式,避免感染。

Because there is no exudation (leaking of pus) from your wound and we have put surgical tape on it, you don’t need to change the dressing after you go home. The only thing you need to do is to keep it dry. After the surgical tape falls off by itself in about seven to ten days, you can put on a new tape.

你的傷口無滲出物且已貼有美容膠,所以返家後不須再換藥,只要保持傷口乾燥即可,等到約7-10天美容膠自然脫落後,再換新的美容膠。 

 【狀況二 Situation 2

There is a drain in your wound, so please keep your wound dry and the gauze clean at all times. Generally speaking, change the dressing once daily, but also change it if the gauze gets wet.

你的傷口有引流管,請隨時保持傷口乾燥,紗布清潔,一般而言每天換藥一次即可。若紗布有滲濕情形,即需隨時更換。
If you want to check the wound, please wash your hands and make sure that they are thoroughly clean and dry. Remember not to touch the wound when you open the gauze. The wound should be kept aseptic. 

想要觀察傷口情況時,請先徹底洗手,並於掀開紗布過程中,切勿碰觸傷口,傷口仍需保持無菌狀態。 

When you change the dressing, wash your hands well with soap. Dip aseptic cotton swabs in a saline solution, and then remove the discharge on the wound. 

換藥時,要先用肥皂將手洗乾淨,先用無菌棉籤沾無菌生理食鹽水,將傷口上分泌物清除乾淨。 

Then, clean the wound with aseptic cotton swabs and iodine in a concentric way, inside out. Shall cover the whole wound with at least a 5 centimeter margin in radius. Remember not to rub the swab back and forth on the wound. 

之後再用無菌棉籤沾優碘藥水,以傷口處為中心,由內往外環形擦拭(半徑至少比傷口寬5公分),千萬不要來回反覆擦拭哦! 

Finally, use a cotton swab with normal saline to clean the tip of the drain. And then, use iodine to clean the tip again. After finishing, cover the wound with clean gauze. 

最後再用棉籤沾生理食鹽水擦拭引流管前端後,再以水溶性優碘擦拭前端一次,再用紗布包起來就可以了。 

【狀況三】Situation 3

The doctor said that the surgical wound of your peptic ulcer is healing well. Come back and see the doctor after one month. However, there are several things you have to keep in mind.

醫生說你消化性潰瘍手術傷口復原得很好,一個月後再回診就好了,不過有些事情要注意一下哦!
First, you cannot use tobacco, liquor, and drinks with caffeine like coffee, coke, and tea. Also, avoid spicy condiments, such as pepper and chili. 

首先要禁煙、禁酒、不要喝含咖啡因飲料,如咖啡、可樂、茶……等;辛辣調味料如:胡椒、辣椒等,也要避免食用。 

Take the medicine as prescribed. Don't take any over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, such as aspirin. 

要依醫囑按時服藥,切勿亂服成藥,尤其像是阿斯匹靈類等非類固醇性消炎藥。 
Keep a regular and balanced diet. Don’t skip or delay any of your three meals. Don’t eat too much or too little at a time. Chew your food thoroughly and swallow it slowly. Also, stay calm and peaceful while eating. Regular lifestyle and sufficient sleep help prevent the illness from recurrence. 

飲食部份,要每天定時定量,用餐時細嚼慢嚥,並保持心情愉快,還要注意營養的均衡,保持規律的生活及充足的睡眠,才比較不容易復發。 

You still have to watch out for symptoms of a recurrence. If you have severe abdominal pain or distention, if you puke or vomit blood, or if your stool is black or bloody, please come back to the hospital immediately. 

在家還是要注意觀察復發症狀,如果發現劇烈疼痛、腹脹、嘔吐、吐血、解黑便、血便、等症狀時,請趕快回來就診。 

【狀況四】Situation 4

After the abdominal surgery, avoid eating high fat foods. Some patients might have a slight diarrhea after surgery. However, most people improve in one or two weeks, so Don’t worry too much about it.

你做完腹腔手術回去之後,在飲食上要注意避免攝食高脂性食物,有些病患術後可能有輕微腹瀉現象,一般會在一至二星期改善,所以若你有輕微腹瀉的情形,不要太緊張。

You can take a shower, but dry the wound after showering. Generally, you don’t need to apply any ointment on the wound. If the wound gets red or painful, swells, has some abnormal discharge, or if you have a fever, please come back to the hospital immediately.
在傷口的部份,可淋浴,淋浴後將傷口擦乾即可,一般不需塗敷藥物於傷口上,若是傷口有紅腫、疼痛、異常分泌物或是有發燒情形,請立即返院診治。 
You don’t have to limit your daily activities. You do things normally. 
活動上,沒有什麼限制,可以恢復正常活動。 

Remember to take the medicine as prescribed. See the doctor again as indicated on the out-patient appointment form to remove the sutures. 

要記得按醫囑服藥,之後再依門診預約單的約診時間回院複診並拆線就可以了。